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krystian zimerman's piano (音乐家的癖好)

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发表于 2021-1-23 20:55:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 Reader86 于 2021-1-30 05:22 PM 编辑

https://200-percent.com/krystian-zimermans-piano/

Prior to the beginning of Krystian Zimerman’s concert of Ludwig van Beethoven’s last three piano Sonatas in the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, I inspected, in situ, his Grand Piano on the stage. On tour, Zimerman travels with a Steinway & Sons, which is rebuilt for each performance. The Polish pianist has a wealth of knowledge about a piano’s anatomy: initially gained in Katowice and then developed further following his collaboration with Steinway & Sons, the eponymous piano makers from Hamburg.



The fallboard was closed and locked with a clamp so that no one, other than the Polish maestro, could touch the keys. A few minutes before the concert’s start, an aide unlocked the fallboard. At first, I found it a bit dissonant as classical concert audiences are considered to be sophisticated but, perhaps, one never knows whether a madman will run on the stage damaging the keys with a hammer, in the same vein as the vandal who damaged Barnett Newman’s work, ‘Who’s Afraid of Red, Yellow and Blue III’, with a Stanley knife.

I later gained an appreciation of Zimerman’s love of his instrument when he explained, after the break, before performing Beethoven’s last sonata nr. 32, why he is so precious with regard to his piano. He told the audience that, for each composer’s work that he performs, he builds his own keyboard. He doesn’t search, necessarily, for the keyboard to have a beautiful sound but for the music, as a whole, to sound beautiful.

He marvelled at how Beethoven, whilst deaf, was able to compose these last sonatas with their high notes. In his research at the Beethoven Museum in Bonn, Zimerman discovered exactly how this was achieved. With a wooden stick placed between his teeth that had contact with the piano, as Beethoven played the keys, sound resonated through his bones, which enabled him to ‘hear’ what he was playing.

KrystianZimermanPiano1As Zimerman was so intrigued he wanted to experience the phenomenon himself. He explained it is quite difficult to replicate the elimination of all sound for a person who is able to hear. As we ‘hear’ with our whole body, he had to discover how to achieve a soundless environment.

His wife, who related the story to a journalist, spoke of his attire whilst conducting the experiment, describing him as a clown. At 2 am, she found her husband, seated at his piano, playing the Moonlight Sonata, wearing pyjamas, with a stick between his teeth and wearing a motor cycle helmet so that he could ‘hear’ through his bones, just like Beethoven. Zimerman was delighted that he could still surprise his wife after 34 years of marriage.

Written by Thierry Somers


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 楼主| 发表于 2021-1-31 12:10:26 | 显示全部楼层
封建社会有两个阶级:封建领主/君主和奴隶/臣民。

当时的英国的贵族如此强大,以致他们在13世纪形成了另一个阶级时,他们使用大宪章(Magna Carta)来控制君主,这个时候,出现了三个不同的阶级:王室,贵族和平民。只要一个社会中有两个以上的阶级,它就更接近民主社会。

社会主义社会也有两个阶级:统治阶级和劳工阶级。在这个社会中,每个人都不平等。两者之间,统治阶级有不受限制的权力,为所欲为;在劳工阶级中,也有等级社会,其中每一个阶级都拥有比下一个阶级更大的权力,将永远享有相对的特权,而拥有较小权力的人则总是受制于上一个阶级,社会主义社会似乎是N个封建社会的叠加。

一个共产主义社会大概只有一个阶级,都是平等的,但那是乌托邦式的。

民主社会具有与所有其他社会不同的特征:它具有三个阶级:上层阶级,中产阶级和底层阶级。与封建社会相比,很大一部分劳工阶级转向中产阶级,提高了生活水平。 使一个国家自由,平等和民主,就是缩小上层阶级和下层阶级,扩大中产阶级。扩大中产阶级就是缩小上层阶级和下层阶级。帮助中产阶级意味着防止中产阶级沦落为贫困,并将底层阶级推向更高的位置。如果中产阶级强大并成为社会的中坚力量,它将为无助的贫困者提供更多的福利,促进贫困者加入中产阶级。因此,民主社会应该始终如一重视中产阶级。任何增加穷人数量的手段都是对社会有害的政策。 消灭整个中产阶级就是使民主社会回到封建社会或进入社会主义社会!

A feudal society has two classes: feudal lord/monarch and slaves/subjects.

Only when the aristocrats in Britain were so strong that they formed an additional class in the thirteenth century,they used Magna Carta to control the sovereign lord, then three distinct classes appeared: royal, aristocracy, and the multitudes. Anytime there are more than two classes in a society, it is closer to democracy.

A socialist society also has two classes:ruling class and working class in this society, all men are not equal. Between ruling class and working class,  the former has unchecked power to do anything they wish, and within the later, it is a higher of the hierarchic society, people with more power will always privileged over the lesser ones.

A communist society presumably has only one class, all equal, which is utopian.

A democratic society has one distinct character from all other societies: it has three classes: upper crust, middle class and the poor. Comparing to the feudal society, a big chunk of the working class moves to the middle class, having a better living standard.

To make a country free, equal, and democratic is to shrink the upper class and the lower class, enlarge the middle class. To enlarge the middle class is to shrink the upper and the lower class. Helping middle class means preventing the middle class from dropping to destitution, and pushing lower class higher. If the middle class is strong and becomes the backbone of the society, it will provide more welfare and takes care of the helpless poor below, which could either join in the middle class or enjoy welfare. Therefore, the emphasize should always be given to the middle class. Any means to increase the number of the poor is not a good policy, detrimental to the society.

Wiping out the entire middle class is making the society go back to feudal society or socialist society!




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